10 Most Common Dental Problems,Causes and Management

Dr. Purushothaman
January 8, 2020

The World Health Organization states that oral diseases are the most prevalent non-communicable diseases on the planet. These oral problems can last up to a lifetime on a person and can cause discomfort, pain and even disfigurement and death.

Practicing a healthy oral routine is essential in maintaining the health of your teeth throughout your lifetime. Oral hygiene habits such as brushing and flossing as well as avoiding foods high in sugar content can help in preserving your pearly whites.

Starting a healthy oral hygiene routine at an earlier age will help reinforce the habit of upholding the routine throughout your life. Nevertheless, most of us suffer from some common dental problems at some point in life. This article will discuss ten of the most common dental problems and their causes.

  • Bad Breath

Bad breath, also is known as halitosis, can be an embarrassing problem. According to a study of the people that suffer from chronic bad breath, around 85% owe the cause of their bad breath to an underlying dental condition.
Dental problems such as dry mouth, cavities, bacteria on the tongue, gum disease, and oral cancer are some diseases known to cause bad breath. In case you have chronic bad breath for a long time, consult your dentist at the earliest to rule out the possibility of dental diseases.

  • Tooth Decay

Tooth decay is a common occurrence and may arise due to a variety of reasons. Tooth decay or cavities are the major reason for toothaches. Cavities form on the teeth when plaque and bacteria build-up in your mouth, especially after eating sugary foods.
If you do not treat tooth decay, it may form small holes in your teeth and spread to reach your nerve endings. Tooth decay is preventable by following basic dental routines such as flossing and brushing twice a day.
There is no way of reversing cavities once they form and the only form of treatment is by filling the cavities by using dental fillings. If tooth decay is more extensive, then the dentist may decide to remove the tooth or perform a root canal procedure.

  • Stained Teeth

Stains can occur on teeth depending on your eating and dental hygiene habits. Medications, foods, and trauma are some of how discoloration occurs on your teeth. Stained teeth can lead to lowering your self-esteem and can affect your smile.
Fortunately, you can reduce and remove stains from your teeth by several means. The dentist can whiten your teeth by using a whitening gel along with a special light. You can also bleach your teeth white by using a plastic tray and whitening gel.

  • Teeth Sensitivity

Tooth sensitivity can have a variety of reasons, and you will need to find the right reason to treat it. You may need a root canal, a dental filling, or replacing the gum tissues surrounding the teeth to correct tooth sensitivity. You will also need to use desensitizing toothpaste to reduce the sensitivity of your teeth.

  • Mouth Sores

Mouth sores are another common dental ailment that can show up with no warning. Mouth sores usually disappear on their own within two weeks of forming and are not contagious. Mouth sores are also observed in patients with thrush, diabetes, and cancer.

  • Toothaches

Toothaches identify with the pain emanating from your tooth and, usually an inflammation of the pulp is the reason for toothaches. The inflammation of the pulp is also known as pulpits and can arise as a result of tooth decay or cavities.

  • Teeth Erosion

Teeth erosion is the condition of the eroding of the enamel by the attack of acid. The symptoms of teeth erosion can vary from mild sensitivity to acute problems like tooth cracking. You need to consult with your dental professional as soon as symptoms arise to stop the progress of erosion on your teeth.

  • Gap Between Teeth

The gap in the front teeth is a common problem that is identified with people all over the world. Most people do not consider the gap in teeth to be a problem with several celebrities such as Madonna and Anna Paquin proudly flaunting it. Orthodontics can aid you in correcting the gap between your teeth by pushing your teeth closer together.

  • Gum Disease

Gum infection is of two types - gingivitis and periodontitis and can arise due to the effect of toxins from the plaque on your teeth. Bacteria can deteriorate the gums and the bones that support the teeth. Surgical treatment such as gum grafts or non-surgical means such as scaling and planing are effective.

  • Dry Mouth

Dry mouth is a condition in which the mouth will lack an adequate amount of saliva. Saliva is vital to maintaining teeth health as they cleanse, lubricate and provide the essential moisture to your teeth. The condition occurs as a side effect to certain prescription medications also, which you must stop consuming after consulting with your doctor.


Although bad teeth problems are widely prevalent, they are easily preventable by maintaining a good dental hygiene routine. Regular dental checkups can help in educating yourself about the causes of common dental problems and ways of preventing them.
The Global Burden of Diseases study indicates that over half of the world’s population suffers from tooth decay of their permanent teeth. Oral health is a principal indicator of the state of wellbeing, quality of life and overall health of life of people in a country.
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