Dr. Purushothaman
January 20, 2015

With the Arabian Sea in the west, the Western Ghats
towering 500-2700 ms in the east and networked by 44 rivers, Kerala enjoys unique geographical features that have made it one of the most sought after tourist destinations in Asia.

An equable climate. A long shoreline with serene beaches. Tranquil stretches of emerald backwaters. Lush hill stations and exotic wildlife. Waterfalls. Sprawling plantations and paddy fields.

Ayurvedic health holidays. Enchanting art forms. Magical festivals. Historic and cultural monuments. An exotic cuisine... All of which offer you a unique experience. And what's more, each of these charming destinations is only a two hour drive from the other. A singular advantage no other destination offers. Kerala, India's most advanced society: With hundred percent literacy. World-class health care systems. India's lowest infant mortality and highest life expectancy rates. The highest physical quality of life in India. Peaceful and pristine, Kerala is also India's cleanest state. For administrative purpose, the state of Kerala is divided into fourteen districts. Most of these districts offer all the tourism products typical of the State.

Kerala, is a state settled within the south-west region of India on the Malabar coast. it absolutely was shaped on one November 1956 per the States organization Act by combining varied Malayalam-speaking regions. Meet 38,863 km2 (15,005 sq mi) with a population of 33,387,677, it's bordered by Karnataka to the north and northeast, the state to the east and south, and therefore the Laccadive ocean to the west. Thiruvananthapuram is that the metropolis among the fourteen districts; different major cities embody Kochi, Kozhikode, Kollam and Thrissur.

The region had been an outstanding spice businessperson from 3000 BCE to the third century. The Chera kinfolk was the primary powerful kingdom based mostly in Kerala, although it oft struggled against attacks from the neighboring Cholas and Pandyas. Throughout the Chera amount Kerala remained a global spice mercantilism center. Later, within the fifteenth century, the moneymaking spice trade attracted Portuguese traders to Kerala, and eventually sealed the manner for the ecu colonization of the completion of the Asian nation.

When independence, Travancore and poultry joined the Republic of Asian nation and Travancore-Cochin was given the standing of a state. Later, the state was shaped in 1956 by merging the Malabar based district, Travancore and Cochin (excluding four southern taluks), and therefore the talks of Kasargod and South Kanara.

With a population of 33,388,000 in 2011, Kerala has very cheap growth rate; 3.44% and a density of 819 individuals per km2. The state has the very best Human Development Index (HDI) within the country with 0.790 in line with the Human Development Report 2011. It additionally has the very best acquisition rate; ninety 3.91%, the very best life expectancy; seventy four years and therefore the highest sex ratio; 1,083 girls per one thousand men among the Indian states. Kerala has very cheap killing rate among Indian states, for 2011 it absolutely was 1.1 per 100,000.

A survey in 2005 by Transparency International stratified it because the least corrupt state within the country. Kerala has witnessed vital out-migration of its individuals, particularly to the Persian Gulf countries throughout the Kerala Gulf boom throughout the 70s and early 80s, and its economy depends considerably on remittances from an oversized Malayali expatriate community.

Hinduism is practiced by the half the population , followed by Islam community and Christian community. Malayalam is that the major language. It's thought of because the "cleanest state in India", however, the morbidity rate, at 118, is that the highest within the country. The culture of the state traces its roots from third century metallic element. It's a synthesis of Aryan and Dravidian cultures, developed over centuries underneath influences from different components of Asian nation and abroad.

Production of pepper and natural rubber contribute to a outstanding a part of the whole national output. Within the agricultural sector, coconut, tea, coffee, cashew and spices square measure necessary. The state has 590 clicks of the coastal belt, and around one. 1 million individuals of the state square measure passionate about the workplace trade that contribute to three financial gain of the state.

About 145,704 kilometers (90,536 mi) of roads, the state constitutes 4.2% of total India's roadways. There square measure 3 existing and 2 projected international airports. Waterways are used as suggested that of transportation. The state has the very best media exposure in India with newspapers commercial enterprise in 9 totally different languages; principally English and Malayalam. Kerala is a crucial traveler destination, with the backwaters, beaches, Ayurvedic commercial enterprise, and tropical leaf among its major attractions.

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